Simple to Complex to Compound

SimpleComplexCompound
1 subject + 1 finite verb1 principal clause + 1 or more subordinate clauses2 or more principal clause
 

Gerund, Being, Having + V3,

In spite of, despite, To+V1,

time phrase, Too…to, adjective + noun,

 because of, owing to, due to, on account of,

Without +V+ing, By + V+ ing, see/feel/hear/+ V+ing

 

Subordinating conjunctions = if, though, although,

 that, unless, unless, since, as, because, which, who, that, whose, whom, when,while, so that, 

so …adj…that

what

 

 

Coordinating conjunctions = and, but, or, so, not only…..but also.

 

1.     V+ing, Being, at the time of, etc. 

Since /as/When

 

And/so

2.    on account of, because of, due to, owing to,Since /asAnd/so
3.    Having +V3,Sub+Have/has/had +V3 +

Since /as/When……

Sub+ Have/has/had +V3 + And/so…………
4.    BeingSub+am/is/are+ +

 Since /as/When…

Sub+am/is/are+ + And/So
5.    In spite of, despite, instead of 

Though, although

 

but

6.    Time phrase

In/on/at + time.

When it is /was….., ………..It is/was…..and…
7.    Adjective + NounWho/which/thatand
8.    Too……toSo…adj….that sb +cannot/could (not) + V1Very + adj+ and+ sb +cannot/could (not) +V1
9.    Without + GerundUnless / If +notOr
10.  by +gerundIf + positive….and
11.   To + V1 = intentionSo that + can/couldAnd +sb+ want/wanted +to+V1

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