Right Forms of Verbs

Right Forms of Verbs

  1. Be = am, is, are, was, were, shall be, will be, been
  2. Present Indefinite Tense এ Subject 3rd Person Singular number (i.e. He, She, It, Karim, etc.) হলে ,Verb এর শেষে s/es যোগ করতে হয়। He goes, He writes
  3. To এর পর সর্বদা V1 হয়। = Joy wants to opening a new account.

Exceptions: With a view to, Look forward to, be used to, object to, addicted to, etc. = He went to the bank with a view to open a new LC.

  1. Use a V1+Ing form after prepositions (i.e. for, of, by, with, without, after, before etc.)
  2. Always use the past participle form (V3) if it is a passive sentence.
  3. Present simple = always, usually, normally, generally, daily, often, sometimes, everyday, occasionally, regularly.

Present continuous = now, at this moment, day by day, day after day, gradually, increasingly

Present perfect = already, yet, ever, lately, recently , just, just now, not yet , still, already, in the mean time etc.

Past simple = once, yesterday, last night, last year, in 1992 , last month, last week, ago,  long since, long ago, once upon a time, formerly etc.

  1. Modals+ V1 =modals (can, had better, would rather, dare, need, could, may, might, must etc.) are always followed by V1.
 

Present (S+V1)

 

Since/As if/As though

 

Past Indefinite (S+V2)

Past Indefinite(S+V2)Since/As if/As though

 

Past Perfect (S+had+V3)
  1. To be, Get, have, has , had, having , can be, may be, would be, could be, must be, might be, should be, etc are always followed by V3
  2. Each, every, one of the, someone, somebody, everyone, everybody, no one, nobody, everyone, everybody, something, anything, nothing etc. are always followed by the Singular form of verb.
  3. Had + S+ been/V3, S+would have/ could have + V3 Had I been a rich man, I could (buy) a car.
  4. Would that+ S+ Could + V1 Would that I could buy a car.
  5. As well as থাকলে ১ম subject অনুসারে verb হয়। Raju as well as his brothers works in this office.
  6. Either ……or….= as per the second subject.  Either Rahim or his brother (be) present in the meeting.

Neither …… nor…..= as per the second subject    Neither Rahim nor his sons (be) busy last Sunday.

  1. While  +V+ ing                           While (walk) on the road, a plane flew over us.

While + S+ was/were + V+ing    While we (walk) on the road, a plane flew over us.

 

  1. Some verbs are always followed by V+ing =enjoy, mind, finish, keep, suggest, See, hear, notice, feel, watch, notice, find, avoid, can’t help, couldn’t help, appreciate, deny, escape, finish, prefer, permit, practice, feel like, spend (time), tolerate, look forward to, with a view to, get used to, accustomed to etc.
  2. Some verbs are always followed by To + V1= want, try, expect, hope, forget, decide, plan, offer, refuse, learn, would like, would hate, etc
  3. Uncountable nouns usually take the singular form of the verbs. [ information, advice, news, work, education, furniture, knowledge, accommodation, behaviour, laughter, health, leisure, luggage, baggage, weather, homework, etc.]
  4. Conditionals: If + Present+ future (will+ V1) = If you go, I will

If + Past (S+V2) + S+ would/could + V1= If you went, I would go

If +past perfect (S+had+V3)+ S+ would have/ Could have + V3 = If you had gone, I would have gone.

  1. Help, make, let is always followed by V1.
  2. Get+ Someone + V1

Get +Something + V3

Have+ Someone + V1

Have+ Something + V3

  1. Used to = V1 = Ayesha Begum’s husband used to work on other people’s land.

Be + used to+ V+ing           = The sons used to send money to their parents.

  1. It is time to + V1 = It’s time to learn English.            It is (high) time + Sub + V2= It’s high time we learnt English.
  2. Have to, has to, had to, am to, is to, are to, am/is/are likely to etc is followed by V1
  3. Perfect Continuous Tenses: (যাবৎ/ ধরিয়া = For) (হতে/ থেকে = Since)

I have been typing for two hours

I had been waiting for two hours last night.

I shall have been waiting for two hours.

  1. Before এর পূর্বে = Past Perfect Tense (S+had + V3)          The doctor (come) before the patient (die)

After এর পরে = Past Perfect Tense (S+ had + V3)            He (reach) Kamalapur after the train (leave).

  1. Lest is followed by S+ Should + V1        He walked fast lest he (miss) the train.
  2. No sooner had + S+V3 + than+ S+ V2

Hardly had+ S+V3+ when+ S+V2

Scarcely had + S+V3+ when+ S+V2

As soon as + S+ V2, S + V2

  1. If the reporting verb is in the past tense, the reported speech will also be in the past tense.

He said that he (will buy) a car next week.

He said that he (may come) tomorrow.

  1. To be = were if it means any impossible ideas, events, etc. I wish I were a bird
  2. Present Participle: V+ing যখন Adjective এর মত কাজ করে। The man wearing a blue T-shirt is my uncle

Past Participle: V3 যখন Adjective এর মত কাজ করে।The student injured is from Savar. The house built in 1980 has collapsed.

 

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