Right Forms of Verbs
- Be = am, is, are, was, were, shall be, will be, been
- Present Indefinite Tense এ Subject 3rd Person Singular number (i.e. He, She, It, Karim, etc.) হলে ,Verb এর শেষে s/es যোগ করতে হয়। He goes, He writes
- To এর পর সর্বদা V1 হয়। = Joy wants to opening a new account.
Exceptions: With a view to, Look forward to, be used to, object to, addicted to, etc. = He went to the bank with a view to open a new LC.
- Use a V1+Ing form after prepositions (i.e. for, of, by, with, without, after, before etc.)
- Always use the past participle form (V3) if it is a passive sentence.
- Present simple = always, usually, normally, generally, daily, often, sometimes, everyday, occasionally, regularly.
Present continuous = now, at this moment, day by day, day after day, gradually, increasingly
Present perfect = already, yet, ever, lately, recently , just, just now, not yet , still, already, in the mean time etc.
Past simple = once, yesterday, last night, last year, in 1992 , last month, last week, ago, long since, long ago, once upon a time, formerly etc.
- Modals+ V1 =modals (can, had better, would rather, dare, need, could, may, might, must etc.) are always followed by V1.
Since/As if/As though
Past Indefinite (S+V2)
|Past Indefinite(S+V2)||Since/As if/As though|
|Past Perfect (S+had+V3)|
- To be, Get, have, has , had, having , can be, may be, would be, could be, must be, might be, should be, etc are always followed by V3
- Each, every, one of the, someone, somebody, everyone, everybody, no one, nobody, everyone, everybody, something, anything, nothing etc. are always followed by the Singular form of verb.
- Had + S+ been/V3, S+would have/ could have + V3 Had I been a rich man, I could (buy) a car.
- Would that+ S+ Could + V1 Would that I could buy a car.
- As well as থাকলে ১ম subject অনুসারে verb হয়। Raju as well as his brothers works in this office.
- Either ……or….= as per the second subject. Either Rahim or his brother (be) present in the meeting.
Neither …… nor…..= as per the second subject Neither Rahim nor his sons (be) busy last Sunday.
- While +V+ ing While (walk) on the road, a plane flew over us.
While + S+ was/were + V+ing While we (walk) on the road, a plane flew over us.
- Some verbs are always followed by V+ing =enjoy, mind, finish, keep, suggest, See, hear, notice, feel, watch, notice, find, avoid, can’t help, couldn’t help, appreciate, deny, escape, finish, prefer, permit, practice, feel like, spend (time), tolerate, look forward to, with a view to, get used to, accustomed to etc.
- Some verbs are always followed by To + V1= want, try, expect, hope, forget, decide, plan, offer, refuse, learn, would like, would hate, etc
- Uncountable nouns usually take the singular form of the verbs. [ information, advice, news, work, education, furniture, knowledge, accommodation, behaviour, laughter, health, leisure, luggage, baggage, weather, homework, etc.]
- Conditionals: If + Present+ future (will+ V1) = If you go, I will
If + Past (S+V2) + S+ would/could + V1= If you went, I would go
If +past perfect (S+had+V3)+ S+ would have/ Could have + V3 = If you had gone, I would have gone.
- Help, make, let is always followed by V1.
- Get+ Someone + V1
Get +Something + V3
Have+ Someone + V1
Have+ Something + V3
- Used to = V1 = Ayesha Begum’s husband used to work on other people’s land.
Be + used to+ V+ing = The sons used to send money to their parents.
- It is time to + V1 = It’s time to learn English. It is (high) time + Sub + V2= It’s high time we learnt English.
- Have to, has to, had to, am to, is to, are to, am/is/are likely to etc is followed by V1
- Perfect Continuous Tenses: (যাবৎ/ ধরিয়া = For) (হতে/ থেকে = Since)
I have been typing for two hours
I had been waiting for two hours last night.
I shall have been waiting for two hours.
- Before এর পূর্বে = Past Perfect Tense (S+had + V3) The doctor (come) before the patient (die)
After এর পরে = Past Perfect Tense (S+ had + V3) He (reach) Kamalapur after the train (leave).
- Lest is followed by S+ Should + V1 He walked fast lest he (miss) the train.
- No sooner had + S+V3 + than+ S+ V2
Hardly had+ S+V3+ when+ S+V2
Scarcely had + S+V3+ when+ S+V2
As soon as + S+ V2, S + V2
- If the reporting verb is in the past tense, the reported speech will also be in the past tense.
He said that he (will buy) a car next week.
He said that he (may come) tomorrow.
- To be = were if it means any impossible ideas, events, etc. I wish I were a bird
- Present Participle: V+ing যখন Adjective এর মত কাজ করে। The man wearing a blue T-shirt is my uncle
Past Participle: V3 যখন Adjective এর মত কাজ করে।The student injured is from Savar. The house built in 1980 has collapsed.