Narration (Changing words)

Other Changes 01

DirectIndirectdirectindirect
IHe/shethisThat
WetheytheseThose
Myhis/heragoBefore
OurTheirhenceThence
Sub: youI /wethusIn that way
Obj: youMe/usyesterdayThe day before/ the previous day
usthemLast nightThe previous night
meHimNext weekThe following week
willWouldNext yearThe following year
shallWouldHereThere
hitherThithertodayThat day/ the same day
mayMightLast weekThe previous week
canCouldLast yearThe previous year
wouldWouldA year agoA year before / the previous year
MustMust / had tosirrespectfully
couldCouldThe day before yesterdaytwo days ago
Ought toOught toThe day after tomorrowin two days’ time
tomorrowThe next day/

the following day

nowThen

 

 

Other Changes 02

DirectIndirect
Sir/Madamrespectfully
somebody is addressedaddressing sb as sth
swears saying by Allah/My lifeswearing by
Thank youthanked me/him etc.
Congratulation           Congratulated Karim
Good morning/ eveningwished Karim good morning/ good evening
Good night/ good byeBade Karim good night/ good bye.
(?) a question mark at the end of an assertive sentenceBeing surprised
Let us/ let’ssuggested/ proposed to sb that sb should……….
Let him/ let them etc.might/ might be allowed to …………
Excuse meapologized
SureGiving assurance
Of courseAgreed with

 

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